Literacy & Numeracy Framework (LNF)


The National Literacy and Numeracy Framework (LNF) is designed to help embed literacy and numeracy into all subjects for learners aged 5 to 14 and is statutory throughout Wales.


The LNF sets the skills we expect learners to develop. Within literacy we expect learners to become accomplished in:

  • oracy across the curriculum
  • reading across the curriculum
  • writing across the curriculum.

Within numeracy we expect learners to become accomplished in:

  • developing numerical reasoning
  • using number skills
  • using measuring skills
  • using data skills.


National Numeracy and Literacy Tests

All children in years 2 to 6 take tests in literacy and numeracy in the summer term that are issued by the Welsh Government.

The children sit three tests: reading, numerical reading and numerical reasoning.

More information for parents about these tests can be found here:

How can I help my child prepare for the National Tests?

Practice and example test questions can be found here:


Welsh Government National Tests: Numerical Reasoning

Welsh Government National Tests: Numerical Procedural Tests
Welsh Government National Tests: Reading Tests
Welsh Government National Tests: ADDITONAL REASONING RESOURCES